ZTE Communications ›› 2022, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (3): 61-69.DOI: 10.12142/ZTECOM.202203008

• Research Paper • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spectrum Sensing for OFDMA Using Multicarrier Covariance Matrix Aware CNN

ZHANG Jintao1, HE Zhenqing1(), RUI Hua2,3, XU Xiaojing2,3   

  1. 1.National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Communications, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China
    2.ZTE Corporation, Shenzhen 518057, China
    3.State Key Laboratory of Mobile Network and Mobile Multimedia Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China
  • Received:2022-03-06 Online:2022-09-13 Published:2022-09-14
  • About author:ZHANG Jintao received his BS and MS degrees in communication engineering from the University of Electronic and Science Technology of China, in 2019 and 2022, respectively. His research interests include spectrum sensing and deep learning.|HE Zhenqing (zhengqinghe@uestc.edu.cn) received his PhD degree in communication and information system from the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC) in 2017. From 2015 to 2016, he was a visiting PhD student with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Stevens Institute of Technology, USA. Since 2018, he has been with the National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Communications, UESTC, where he is currently an associate professor. His main research interests include statistical signal processing, wireless communications, and machine learning. He was a recipient of the IEEE Communications Society Heinrich Hertz Prize Paper Award in 2022.|RUI Hua received his BS, MS, and PhD degrees from Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, China in 1999, 2002, and 2005, respectively. He currently works as a senior pre-research expert and the head of the 6G Future Wireless Lab in ZTE Corporation. He has been engaged in wireless communication product and new technology pre-research, including 3G/4G/WIFI/5G/6G network architecture and key technologies. At present, his main research direction is the 6G wireless communication technology, including new receiver research integrated with communication-sensing-computing, NB-NTN narrow-band low-orbit satellite system and key technologies, 6G network architecture and protocol standardization research, digital twin wireless network technology, network intelligence, regional block chain network, etc. He has published more than 20 invention patents and papers in related fields. He has participated in more than 10 industry technical standards and white papers including 3GPP 3G/4G/5G series standards and IEEE 802.11 series standards.|XU Xiaojing received her BS and MS degrees in communication and information system from Northeastern University, China in 2006 and 2008, respectively. At present, she works in ZTE Corporation as a senior algorithm engineer in the Algorithm Department. She has been engaged in wireless communication technology pre-research and product algorithm research. Her research interests include the 6G wireless communication physical layer technology and wireless AI technology. She has published more than 10 invention patents and papers in related fields.
  • Supported by:
    ZTE Industry-University-Institute Cooperation Funds(HC-CN-2020120002)


We consider spectrum sensing problems in the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing access (OFDMA) cognitive radio scenario, where a secondary user with multiple antennas detects several consecutive subcarriers of an entire OFDM symbol occupied by multiple primary users. Specifically, an OFDM multicarrier covariance matrix convolutional neural network (CNN)-based approach is proposed for simultaneously detecting the occupancy of all OFDM subcarriers, where the multicarrier sample covariance matrix array is specially set as the input of the CNN. The proposed approach can efficiently learn the energy information and correlation information between antennas and between subcarriers to significantly improve the spectrum sensing performance. Numerical results demonstrate that the proposed method has a substantial performance advantage over the state-of-the-art spectrum sensing methods in an OFDMA scenario under the 5G new radio network.

Key words: cognitive radio, spectrum sensing, OFDMA, deep learning, 5G new radio