Address for Submission
1 About the Journal
Aims and Scope
ZTE Communications publishes original theoretical papers, research findings, and surveys on a broad range of communications topics, including communications and information system design, optical fiber and electro-optical engineering, microwave technology, radio wave propagation, antenna engineering, electromagnetics, signal and image processing, and power engineering. The journal is designed to be an integrated forum for university academics and industry researchers from around the world. is a peer-reviewed international technical journal. The journal publishes original theoretical papers, research findings, and surveys on a broad range of communications topics, including communications and information system design, optical fiber and electro-optical engineering, microwave technology, radio wave propagation, antenna engineering, electromagnetics, signal and image processing, and power engineering. The journal is designed to be an integrated forum for university academics and industry researchers from around the world.
First Issue Published in 2003
Supervised by: Anhui Publishing Group
Sponsored by: Time Publishing and Media Co., Ltd. and Shenzhen Guangyu Aerospace Industry Co., Ltd.
Edited and Circulated (Home and Abroad) by: Magazine House of ZTE Communications
General Editor: WANG Xiyu
Editor-in-chief: JIANG Xianjun
Executive Editor-in-chief: HUANG Xinming
Editor in Charge: ZHU Li
Editors: REN Xixi, LU Dan, XU Ye, and YANG Guangxi
Producer: XU Ying
Circulation Executive: WANG Pingping
Liaison Executive: LU Dan
Assistant: WANG Kun
Add: 12F Kaixuan Building, 329 Jinzhai Road, Hefei 230061, P.R.China
Publication Licenses: ISSN 1673-5188, CN 34-1294/TN
● Abstract Journal
● Cambridge Scientific Abstracts (CSA)
● China Science and Technology Journal Database
● Chinese Journal Fulltext Databases
● Index of Copurnicus
● Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory
● Wanfang Data
2 Manuscript Preparation
Manuscripts must be typed in English and submitted electronically in MS Word (or compatible) format. The word length is approximately 3000 to 8000, and no more than 8 figures or tables should be included. Authors are requested to submit mathematical material and graphics in an editable format.
Abstract and Keywords
Each manuscript must include an abstract of approximately 150 words written as a single paragraph. The abstract should not include mathematics or references and should not be repeated verbatim in the introduction. The abstract should be a self-contained overview of the aims, methods, experimental results, and significance of research outlined in the paper. Five carefully chosen keywords must be provided with the abstract.
Manuscripts must be referenced at a level that conforms to international academic standards. All references must be numbered sequentially in-text and listed in corresponding order at the end of the paper. References that are not cited in-text should not be included in the reference list. References must be complete and formatted according to ZTE Communications Editorial Style. A minimum of 10 references should be provided. Footnotes should be avoided or kept to a minimum.
Copyright and Declaration
Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce any material for which they do not hold copyright. Permission to reproduce any part of this publication for commercial use must be obtained in advance from the editorial office of ZTE Communications. Authors agree that a) the manuscript is a product of research conducted by themselves and the stated co-authors, b) the manuscript has not been published elsewhere in its submitted form, c) the manuscript is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere. If the paper is an adaptation of a speech or presentation, acknowledgement of this is required within the paper. The number of co-authors should not exceed five.
Content and Structure
ZTE Communications seeks to publish original content that may build on existing literature in any field of communications. Authors should not dedicate a disproportionate amount of a paper to fundamental background, historical overviews, or chronologies that may be sufficiently dealt with by references. Authors are also requested to avoid the overuse of bullet points when structuring papers. The conclusion should include a commentary on the significance/future implications of the research as well as an overview of the material presented.
All authors are requested to provide a brief biography (approx. 100 words) that includes email address, educational background, career experience, research interests, awards, and publications.
Acknowledgements and Funding
A manuscript based on funded research must clearly state the program name, funding body, and grant number. Individuals who contributed to the manuscript should be acknowledged in a brief statement.
Address for Submission
3 EDITORIAL POLICIES
Researchers should conduct their research – from research proposal to publication – in line with best practices and codes of conduct of relevant professional bodies and/or national and international regulatory bodies.
Submission to the ZTE Communications implies that all authors have seen and approved the full manuscript.
Each author must have contributed sufficiently to the intellectual content of the submission. The corresponding author should list all authors and their contributions to the work. The corresponding author must confirm that he or she has had full access to the data in the study and final responsibility for the decision to submit for publication.
A manuscript will be considered for publication with the understanding that:
● all named authors have agreed to its submission
● it is not currently being considered for publication by another journal
● if the paper is accepted, it will not subsequently be published in the same or similar form in any language without the consent of publisher.
Each author must have contributed sufficiently to the intellectual content of the submission. The corresponding author should list all authors and their contributions to the work. Any changes to the author list after submission, such as a change in the order of the authors, or the deletion or addition of authors, must be approved by a signed letter from every author. The corresponding author must confirm that he or she has had full access to the data in the study and final responsibility for the decision to submit for publication. To qualify as a contributing author, one must meet all of the following criteria:
● conceived and/or designed the work that led to the submission, acquired data, and/or played an important role in interpreting the results
● drafted or revised the manuscript
● approved the final version
Other individuals who made direct contributions to the work but do not meet all of the above criteria may be recognized in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript.
Professional writers and industry employees can be contributors. Their roles, affiliations, and potential conflicts of interest should be included in the author list or noted in the Acknowledgments and/or Contributors section concurrent with their contribution to the work submitted.Failure to acknowledge these contributors can be considered inappropriate, which conflicts with the editorial policy of the ZTE Communications.
Changes to authorship
It is the corresponding author’s responsibility to ensure that the author list is correct at the point of first submission.
Requests to change the authorship (such as to include or exclude an author, change an author's name or contribution) must be accompanied by a letter signed by all authors to show they concur with the change. New authors must also confirm that they fully comply with the journal's authorship requirements. Requests for addition or removal of authors as a result of authorship disputes (after acceptance) are honoured after formal notification by the institute or independent body and/or when there is agreement between all authors. Changes to the authorship will not be allowed once the manuscript has been accepted for publication.
Correspondence with the Journal
One author is designated the contact author for matters arising from the manuscript (materials requests, technical comments and so on). It is this author's responsibility to inform all co-authors of matters arising and to ensure such matters are dealt with promptly. Before submission, the corresponding author ensures that all authors are included in the author list, its order agreed upon by all authors, and are aware that the manuscript was submitted. After acceptance for publication, proofs are e-mailed to this corresponding author who should circulate the proof to all co-authors and coordinate corrections among them.
Plagiarism and fabrication
Plagiarism is when an author attempts to pass off someone else's work as his or her own. Duplicate publication, sometimes called self-plagiarism, occurs when an author reuses substantial parts of his or her own published work without providing the appropriate references. Plagiarism without dishonest intent is relatively frequent, for example, when an author reuses parts of an introduction from an earlier paper. Because of some confusion as to the appropriate use of other authors' writing, we offer the following guideline in addition to the normal principles regarding plagiarism: if more than 5 consecutive words are taken verbatim from the text of another publication (including the authors’ own work), this fact should be indicated by the use of inverted commas, as well as citation of the original source. It is not appropriate to make trivial changes to the wording instead. This rule can be relaxed slightly for descriptions of methodology from the authors’ own papers, or for common phrases. If plagiarism is found, the journal will contact the author and, in some cases, the author's institute and funding agencies. The paper containing the plagiarism will be marked on each page of the PDF, and depending on the extent of the plagiarism, the paper may be formally retracted.
Duplicate & Redundant Publication
Papers must be original and not published or submitted for publication elsewhere. This rule also applies to non-English language publications.
Redundant publication (also described as “salami publishing”) is when one study is split into several parts and submitted to two or more journals. It also includes findings that have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission or justification. “Self-plagiarism” is considered a form of redundant publication as it concerns recycling or borrowing content from previous work without citation.
If a submission contains a figure that is published elsewhere or that is copyrighted, the author must provide documentation that the previous publisher or copyright holder has given permission for the figure to be re-published. The editors consider all material in good faith, and assume that the journal has full permission to publish every part of the submitted material, including illustrations.
Conflict of Interest
Financial relationships are the most easily identifiable conflicts of interest and the most likely to undermine the credibility of the journal, the authors, and science itself. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion.
In the interests of transparency and to help readers form their own judgments of potential bias, authors must declare whether or not there are any competing financial interests in relation to the work described. This information must be included in their cover letter and on the title page of their manuscript. In cases where the authors declare a competing financial interest, a statement to that effect is published as part of the article. If no such conflict exists, the statement will simply read that the authors have nothing to disclose. For the purposes of this statement, competing interests are defined as those of a financial nature that, through their potential influence on behaviour or content, or from perception of such potential influences, could undermine the objectivity, integrity or perceived value of a publication. They can include any of the following:
● Funding: Research support (including salaries, equipment, supplies, reimbursement for attending symposia, and other expenses) by organizations that may gain or lose financially through this publication. The role of the funding body in the design of the study, collection and analysis of data and decision to publish should be stated.
● Employment: Recent (while engaged in the research project), present or anticipated employment by any organization that may gain or lose financially through this publication. This includes positions on an advisory board, board of directors, or other type of management relationship.
● Personal financial interests: Stocks or shares in companies that may gain or lose financially through publication; consultation fees or other forms of remuneration from organisations that may gain or lose financially; patents or patent applications whose value may be affected by publication.
● Patents: Holding, or currently applying for, patents, relating to the content of a manuscript; receiving reimbursement, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that holds or has applied for patents relating to the content of the manuscript.
It is difficult to specify a threshold at which a financial interest becomes significant, but note that many US universities require faculty members to disclose interests exceeding $10,000 or 5% equity in a company. Any such figure is arbitrary, so we offer as one possible practical alternative guideline: "Declare all interests that could embarrass you were they to become publicly known after your work was published." We do not consider diversified mutual funds or investment trusts to constitute a competing financial interest.
The statement must contain an explicit and unambiguous statement describing any potential conflict of interest, or lack thereof, for any of the authors as it relates to the subject of the report. Examples include “Dr. Smith receives compensation as a consultant for XYZ Company,” “Dr. Jones and Dr. Smith have financial holdings in ABC Company,” or “Dr. Jones owns a patent on the diagnostic device described in this report.” These statements acknowledging or denying conflicts of interest must be included in the manuscript under the heading Conflict of Interest. The Conflict of Interest disclosure appears in the cover letter, in the manuscript submission process and before the References section in the manuscript.
Following the Conflict of Interest heading, there must be a listing for each author, detailing the professional services relevant to the submission. Neither the precise amount received from each entity nor the aggregate income from these sources needs to be provided. Professional services include any activities for which the individual is, has been, or will be compensated with cash, royalties, fees, stock or stock options in exchange for work performed, advice or counsel provided, or for other services related to the author’s professional knowledge and skills. This would include, but not necessarily be limited to, the identification of organizations from which the author received contracts or in which he or she holds an equity stake if professional services were provided in conjunction with the transaction. Examples of declarations are:
● Conflict of interest.
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
● Conflict of interest.
Dr Caron's work has been funded by the NIH. He has received compensation as a member of the scientific advisory board of Acadia Pharmaceutical and owns stock in the company. He also has consulted for Lundbeck and received compensation. Dr Rothman and Dr Jensen declare no potential conflict of interest.
Supplementary information for editors and reviewers
Any manuscripts under review or accepted for publication elsewhere should accompany the submission if they are relevant to its scientific assessment.
Authors should also provide upon submission any kind of supplementary material that will aid the review process.
Peer-Review and Editing
All manuscripts will be subject to a two-stage anonymous peer review as well as copyediting, and formatting.
The journal operates double blind peer review. Manuscripts sent out for peer review are evaluated by at least one independent reviewer (often two or more). Authors are welcome to suggest independent reviewers to evaluate their manuscript, as well as request individuals or laboratories. All recommendations are considered, but the choice of reviewers is at the editors’ discretion. To expedite the review process, only papers that seem most likely to meet editorial criteria are sent for external review. Papers judged by the editors to be of insufficient general interest or otherwise inappropriate are rejected promptly without external review. The editors then make a decision based on the reviewers' evaluations:
● Accept, with or without editorial revisions.
● Revise, with the author addressing concerns raised by the reviewers before a final decision is reached.
● Reject outright, typically on grounds of specialist interest, lack of novelty, insufficient conceptual advance or major technical and/or interpretational problems.
Anonymity and Confidentiality
Editors, authors and reviewers are required to keep confidential all details of the editorial and peer review process on submitted manuscripts. Unless otherwise declared as a part of open peer review, the peer review process is confidential and conducted anonymously. All details about submitted manuscripts are kept confidential and no comments are issued to outside parties or organizations about manuscripts under consideration or if they are rejected. Editors are restricted to making public comments on a published article’s content and their evaluation.
Upon accepting an invitation to evaluate a manuscript, reviewers must keep the manuscript and associated data confidential, and not redistribute them without the journal’s permission. If a reviewer asks a colleague to assist in assessing a manuscript, confidentiality must be ensured and their names must be provided to the journal with the final report.
We ask reviewers not to identify themselves to authors without the editor's knowledge. If they wish to reveal their identities while the manuscript is under consideration, this should be done via the editor; if this is not practicable, we ask authors to inform the editor as soon as possible after the reviewer has revealed their identity. Our own policy is to neither confirm nor deny any speculation about reviewers' identities, and we encourage reviewers to adopt a similar policy.
We deplore any attempt by authors to confront reviewers or try to determine their identities. Reviewers should be aware that it is our policy to keep their names confidential and that we do our utmost to ensure this confidentiality. We cannot, however, guarantee to maintain this confidentiality in the face of a successful legal action to disclose identity.
Regardless of whether a submitted manuscript is eventually published, correspondence with the journal, referees’ reports, and other confidential material must not be published, disclosed, or otherwise publicised without prior written consent.
ZTE Communications takes seriously all allegations of potential misconduct. As part of the investigation, the journal may opt to do one or more of the following:
● suspend review or publication of a paper until the issue has been investigated and resolved;
● request additional information from the author, including original data or images or ethics committee or IRB approval;
● make inquiries of other titles believed to be affected;
● forward concerns to the author’s employer or person responsible for research governance at the author’s institution;
● refer the matter to other authorities or regulatory bodies.
Please note that, in keeping with the journal’s policy of the confidentiality of peer review, if sharing of information with third parties is necessary, disclosure will be made to only those Editors who the Editor believes may have information that is pertinent to the case, and the amount of information will be limited to the minimum required.
Correction and Retraction Process
If there is suspicion of misconduct, the journal will carry out an investigation following COPE guidelines. Following an investigation, if the allegation raises valid concerns, the author will be contacted and given an opportunity to address the issue. If misconduct is established beyond reasonable doubt, this may result in the Editor implementing one of the following measures.
● If the article is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
● If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction, either an erratum will be published alongside the article or, in severe cases, complete retraction of the article will occur. The reason for the erratum or retraction must be given.
● In either case, the author’s institution or funding agency may be informed.
Content published as Advance Online Publication (AOP) is final and cannot be amended. The online and print versions are both part of the published record hence the original version must be preserved and changes to the paper should be made as a formal correction. If an error is noticed in an AOP article, a correction should accompany the article when it publishes in print. An HTML (or full-text) version of the correction will also be created and linked to the original article. If the error is found in an article after print publication the correction will be published online and in the next available print issue.
Please note the following categories of corrections to print and online versions of peer reviewed content:
● Publisher Correction. Notification of an important error made by the journal that affects the publication record or the scientific integrity of the paper, or the reputation of the authors, or of the journal.
● Author Correction. Notification of an important error made by the author(s) that affects the publication record or the scientific integrity of the paper, or the reputation of the authors or the journal.
● Retraction. Notification of invalid results. All co- authors must sign a retraction specifying the error and stating briefly how the conclusions are affected.
Decisions about corrections are made by the magazine house of ZTE Communications (sometimes with peer-reviewers' advice) and this sometimes involves author consultation. Requests to make corrections that do not affect the paper in a significant way or impair the reader's understanding of the contribution (a spelling mistake or grammatical error, for example) are not considered.
In cases where co-authors disagree about a correction, the editors will take advice from independent peer-reviewers and impose the appropriate correction, noting the dissenting author(s) in the text of the published version.