ZTE Communications ›› 2021, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (3): 56-63.DOI: 10.12142/ZTECOM.202103007

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A Survey of Intelligent Sensing Technologies in Autonomous Driving

SHAO Hong1(), XIE Daxiong1,2, HUANG Yihua1   

  1. 1.ZTE Corporation, Shenzhen 518057, China
    2.State Key Laboratory of Mobile Network and Mobile Multimedia, Shenzhen 518057, China
  • Received:2021-06-22 Online:2021-09-25 Published:2021-10-11
  • About author:SHAO Hong (shao.hong@zte.com.cn) received his M.S. degree from Harbin Institute of Technology, China and joined ZTE Corporation in 1994. He is currently the leader of the Innovation Team in the Corporation Development Department of ZTE Corporation. His research interests include deep learning, autonomous vehicles and robotics.|XIE Daxiong is currently the chairman of the board of supervisors of ZTE Corporation and the director of State Key Laboratory of Mobile Network and Mobile Multimedia Technology, China. He is a professorate senior engineer and a member of the Mobile and Satellite Expert Group of Communication Science and Technology Commission of Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China. With ZTE Corporation, he led the successful research and development of CDMA, GoTa, WCDMA and other large-scale digital telecommunication systems.|HUANG Yihua received his M.S. degree from Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China. He is currently the manager of Corporation Development Department of ZTE Corporation. His research interests include new technology innovation, digital transformation and innovation strategy.


Intelligent perception technology of sensors in autonomous vehicles has been deeply integrated with the algorithm of autonomous driving. This paper provides a survey of the impact of sensing technologies on autonomous driving, including the intelligent perception reshaping the car architecture from distributed to centralized processing and the common perception algorithms being explored in autonomous driving vehicles, such as visual perception, 3D perception and sensor fusion. The pure visual sensing solutions have shown the powerful capabilities in 3D perception leveraging the latest self-supervised learning progress, compared with light detection and ranging (LiDAR)-based solutions. Moreover, we discuss the trends on end-to-end policy decision models of high-level autonomous driving technologies.

Key words: autonomous vehicles, neuron network, automotive electronics, sensor fusion